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Everyone's problem, everyone's solution

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The UN defines immigrant as "a person who travels [...] across an international border or within a country, outside his usual place of residence regardless of legal status; the voluntary or involuntary nature; the causes; or the duration of your stay.”

Since the beginning of times, mankind has moved in a nomadic way to seek the best possible conditions to live, which is understandable, because humans tend to seek progress for himself and his people, but if an immigrant who goes to a country where there are not enough financial resources for their people, how is it going to accept those who come and ask for asylum? The constant struggle to improve one’s resources and internal economy has been a great challenge for many countries, as is the case of the United States.

In May 2019, the U.S. Border Patrol arrested 132,887 immigrants, and did not allow 11, 391 to pass through different control points on the Mexican border, bringing together a total of 144, 278, which shows an increase with respect to 2014, that in the same month, there were about 60,000 arrests. The size of these caravans is massive, since in 5 years, the number doubled, which leaves us thinking about what is to come.

A large part of the migrants arriving in the United States come from Mexico and from the “Northern Triangle of Central America,” which includes Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador. According to the BBC, the main reason why citizens of these countries emigrate to the United States is the violence that exists within them. This includes the high homicide rate, gang violence linked to drug trafficking, such as “Barrio 18” and the “Mara Salvatrucha”, and other forms of violence. Emigrants are fleeing their government, and as a result, the citizen leaves the country to have a better life, but in all of Latin America, there are problems of this kind.

According to the Think Tank “Pew Center”, in 2017, El Salvador was the most dangerous country in the world to live that was not at war, with 60 murders per 100,000 people. Another reason that causes these migrations is the search for better economic opportunities and the possibility of reuniting with a family that is already in the United States.

According to the Mexican newspaper “Expansión”, the US public debt reached 22 billion dollars, a historical record. Thanks to this debt, the United States can help migrants, because it is not able to cover the expenses involved in accepting them, and if they did, a negligence to internal economic problems would be highlighted, since the country has a broad agenda of needs to deal with.

Helping the needy is a matter of humanity, since it is human to seek help in times of need and seek solidarity, just as it is to see for yourself rather than others, but it is a duty of the state to deal with the conditions of Your own citizens. It is already virtue to help others even if you have the minimum necessary and thus achieve the human excellence of which Aristotle speaks.

It would not be fair for those unfortunate people of a country, who choose to help those in need of others, because that way they would be putting one group over another, thus giving it more importance. This calls into question the true definition of social justice made by Plato, which “consists in the fulfillment of the principle that orders each member of the city to take the place and perform the task that corresponds by nature (Republic IV, 434a-434e) "[3], since the rulers must fulfill the duty of serving and seeing their people for good.

As stated earlier, a major problem facing the countries of America is drug trafficking, since the people involved in this practice have enough money and power, both economic and social, that allows them to manipulate and control the economy, and it facilitates them to take the country, and consequently, to the people. The authorities sometimes join them for fear or convenience, which makes the problem worse.

The theory of how political systems should work is too idealistic and has countless variables that cause it to be very different from what is expected in practice, because the results depend greatly on the people who manipulate the laws to your convenience

With these data, one could say that migration is based on failed democracy, in the crisis of values ​​due to their lack and neglect, in liberal selfishness that only focuses on personal needs and interests and not for others, since the factors linked to this problem, have root in the politics, economy and security of a country. Having pointed out this, it should be noted that everything mentioned is handled by human beings, who have all kinds of defects, man is corrupt, selfish to some extent, because he sees for himself rather than for others.

Thomas Hobbes would say that some migrants are our wolves, because they don't care about the common good, but their own good. Likewise, the government would be the wolf of the people, since it subjects them, exploits and abuses them, which encourages them to leave the country they reside in order to find a better option. J.J Rousseau has a very pure and idealistic vision of what the human being is theoretically, but in practice it is not, since this is corruptible and can do evil, but it can also rectify and seek conditions for a more human world

Some migrants steal and assault to live and get even some money or food to survive. Likewise, they are exposed to being kidnapped, extorted or forced recruitment by criminals. Is it worth risking your life and your future for an idealistic and fantastic ideal of what really means to migrate? Many migrants are based on the vision of movies and series that take place in the United States, so they have misconceptions about what it is, since they seek the American dream and do not focus so much on their need, which has consequences on their physical and emotional health.

Aristotle would probably point out that these people are not bad for wanting to look for that opportunity, I would say they are ignorant for not knowing the reality of the country they are targeting and the impact their actions have on the society they enter. These individuals face the problem of culture, since they were not educated in the context they are going to live in and do not know how things work in an environment outside of theirs. That lack of adaptation takes time, effort and may suffer in the attempt. Without having the nationality, these migrants cannot have legal protection, besides there are limits on opportunities while residing in that country. Of the Mexican youth who have gone to the United States, only 14.7% have citizenship, 28.4% live in a situation below the poverty level, and 18% have incomes slightly above this level, with a high risk of falling below level of this.

Shapiro (2011), a professor of political science, says in his book the theory of democracy in the real world “Why the accident of birth should privilege some to make them citizens of benign nations, while others condemn them to live where existence is brief, brutal and disgusting? Why should the former enjoy the fortune of belonging to one nation while the latter must suffer the costs of remaining in the other?”

It is true that life is often not fair, and some are born having everything while others lack the indispensable minimum. In my opinion, the situation in the country depends solely on the effort put by the government and citizens to improve it. For example, Germany was destroyed twice in the world wars, was restricted and subjected to the Berlin Wall, and despite that, it spent years rebuilding to prosper, and today is one of the world powers.

The Ministry of the Interior and the National Council of Mexican Population says that Mexican immigrants in poverty who reside in the United States are more predisposed to not have health insurance, and in addition, six out of ten of these young people are not covered regular doctor In 2014, only 38.8% of these said they had good health.

In addition to the physical and economic problems already presented, migrant groups are frequently separated and excluded from society because of the lack of tolerance and respect on the part of residents or power figures of the country they arrive at, whether due to race, education , political, cultural, economic, or even language ideas, since it becomes a barrier that causes the relationship with others to be much more difficult.

In fact, it happens that ethics comes into this question because what makes human beings different from mere objects, is that people have dignity based on their ability to freely choose what they want to do with their lives, having the right fundamental moral to their choices being respected. In this way, it is necessary to respect the decision of migrants to leave and find new conditions to achieve their objectives, such as the decision of governments to regulate borders and regarding their actions. That freedom carries the responsibility for the acts.

Of the most notable problems suffered by the recipient country, there is an increase in unemployment rates and a reduction in native wages due to the increase in labor supply. According to the data recovered from the Cyber ​​Physical System in 2010, 1 of 4 Mexicans in the United States, worked preparing food, and maintaining or cleaning buildings. 21% were engaged in production and transportation, and 20% in construction or repair activities. There is also the problem of the high costs of public welfare programs, and the mismatch of fiscal accounts derived from the arrival of migrants asking for health and education benefits for themselves and their families.

However, the consequences in the country of origin include the increase in mortality and decrease in birth, since normally, migrants are young people, the imbalance of sex, since most of these people are men because many of these movements are motivated by work issues. For example, Mexico has lost people with the capacity and desire to get a job that gives them economic resources to meet their needs, which will cause the country to be short of young labor.

Another consequence is the separation of families that goes beyond not living with both parents or siblings, these people are emotionally affected because they feel loneliness, abandonment and longing for their relatives, especially the children of migrant parents who left. Also, the lack of a father or mother figure increases the risk of presenting problems of drug addiction, alcoholism, smoking or vandalism at an early age.

This means that consequentialist ethics is insufficient to examine this problem because its extent is limited, because this approach sacrifices the interest of minorities for the good of the majority, which in this case is seen for the good of a country. and not because of what migrants are looking for, and the effects that regulate borders, or open them, will have to be predicted or estimated with accuracy and precision.

It must be taken into account that, finally, migrants are also human beings, so this whole process of not regulating the flow must be done in the most respectful, humane and dignified way possible, always contemplating their human rights to avoid situations such as which occurred between May 5 and June 9, 2019, 2,342 minors were separated from 2,206 parents by illegally crossing the border from Mexico to the United States. The one born in unfortunate conditions does not decide, just like the person born in a more pleasant context. What is in us the treatment we give each person regardless of their social, economic and nationality.

“Nationality is not an inherent quality of the individual, but conferred by law. It is also a morally irrelevant quality, because, just like other attributes of the individual, such as gender and ethnicity, it does not correspond to any criteria of moral achievement and therefore cannot be used as an argument to discriminate against anyone or to determine what everyone deserves ”

In general, this migratory flow is causing the population of the south to take refuge in the northern part of the continent, which will not know how to handle the situation, since this means an overpopulation and massive exploitation of its resources.

The dilemma of "Tragedy of the commons", proposed by the American ecologist Garrett Hardin, explains that "the overexploitation of resources by humans who have a selfish nature that leads them only to ensure their welfare. Human selfishness born due to despair over obtaining resources ”[7], which means that there could be a lack of food and materials needed to meet the needs of all inhabitants, which would lead to more problems. While in countries that lose people, there will be a depopulation that would result in erosion and fires in rural areas that were occupied by the communities in the area, loss of intangible heritage such as traditions and oral collection, a decline in the economy of the country for previously mentioned reasons.

The problem itself, is not the fact that people migrate, it is the size of the caravans that are arriving and that they are illegal, because laws exist to maintain a balance in society. If they break on a massive scale, the repercussions will be of equal size.

Migrants must take into account the reality of what migration really means, both for them and the countries involved, due to staying in their place of origin, they can try to help the growth and improvement of conditions in general, and not only for their families, through honest acts. And the government must take into account that its decisions also affect the entire surface under its command, and also consider what it is to be a ruler, its obligations and tasks, because that responsibility is very great.

I think this is a complex problem derived from a combination of others such as politics, economics, among others. To stop mass migration, we must solve these at the root, and invite both sides to reflect to promote knowledge of the large-scale consequences of their actions.

Finally, I consider that this is everyone's problem, so you need prompt and continuous action from everyone. It is crucial to act fast and as well as possible, because the problem is not going to stop while we think and consider possible solutions. This requires the active participation of all social strata, of joint efforts of migrants, so that they take into account the repercussions at different levels of their decisions, of society, that know how to help as much as possible, of the government, to help in the process of creating a better country in which people can live with dignity, and non-governmental organizations to assist and intervene.

"When we can no longer change a situation, we have the challenge of changing ourselves" (Frankl, 1946)