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Farenheit 451- A look into philosophy

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The book speaks of a futuristic society in which it seems as if humans had lost part of their humanity, animals are robotic, and books are illegal. It seems as if they put the technology before the human being, as in the modern era of philosophy with the rationalists and empiricists.

As I read, I realized that most of the people in this society, who do not have much knowledge and do not mind learning. They are content with what they are told to do regardless of whether it is right or wrong, only one person wanted to ask and question things, the happiness of the people around them, what they think; This person is Clarisse McClellan, a 17-year-old girl who referred to herself as "crazy." She mentions how, before this society showed up, firefighters put out fires instead of causing them, and although Montag took her for crazy, she kept asking that kind of question. Montag questions him the fact that he asks a lot of questions and thinks a lot, since he has never asked himself the things she asks him, to which she replies that he has a lot of free time to devote to his “absurd thoughts,” and look at things that many people miss, such as the morning dew that adorns the grass every morning at the beginning of the day. She, I think, is one of the characters who represent the ancient philosophers, who leave their mental comfort zone and start to challenge the barriers of conventional thinking and behavior of those around them, although that can be problematic at some point. , that it was, since it ends up dying because of this.

Another character I think represents the philosophers is the woman they found guilty of having books in their attic. She refuses to leave her books, in fact, she prefers to burn in flames with them, than to leave them and save herself, which one of Montag's fellow firefighters, Beatty, describes as a "family reaction", since she assures that "Those fans always try to kill themselves." This leads me to think that these people, that is, philosophers and thinkers, prefer to die with knowledge and knowing that they tried to think and question, than to live ignorant and without curiosity for the rest of their lives,

Montag steals a bible during a fire and reads it, which can be compared to medieval philosophers, who seek God and see him as the beginning of everything.

Gradually, Montag sees how his way of thinking changes thanks to the events that occur in his day to day and realizes that he wants to change the way he thinks and sees things. This part of the book can be purchased with Plato's cave, since it could be said that Montag gets rid of the chains of ignorance of the cave to get used to the light that is the philosophical illumination provided by the ideas and knowledge acquired through of it. The people he works with and the important people in society try to remind him that books confuse and contradict each other, but he doesn't care and sneaks into his house.

War is unleashed since clearly society has many moral, philosophical and logical failures that end up separating it into two sides: those who do not want the search for knowledge, and those who do. During this conflict, the people who lived in the city die, and there are only men left who live in the forest, that is, the "enlightened ones."

Thanks to this, you can start over, thinking about a new civilization where the search for knowledge is indispensable, where people question, ask and challenge what they think they know. The men who left the cave and found philosophy can now lead their people, to this new society, to enlightenment, to the search for the meaning of life and knowledge, and therefore, to happiness.

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